警告? ここから先に進むと俺たちのテリトリーだからYOU命なくすよ? といったあれです。

 せっかく前回のエントリーで魚の紹介をしたので"fish+location+presentation=success"通りに"location"のエントリーがつくりたかったわけですが、具体的な釣り場でそれを行ってしまうとそれは誰かのノウハウを奪ってしまうわけで、感傷的な視点で見れば問題があると考えてみました。しかし、"location",場所を考える、つまりストラクチャー・フィッシングは釣りの基本であって、決して見逃してはいけない概念であることから、少々別の角度からアプローチをしてみたいと思います。

 完全な英文のみのエントリーなので、まずは単語集で単語の記憶とその意味の記憶をしながら、どのような内容であるかを推測してみましょう。

current (水の流れ)
diligently (熱心に、勤勉に)
studying map (地図を読む)
finicky (気難しい、細心の注意が必要な)
chase (追う)
depend on (〜によって決まる、〜次第である)
immediately (すぐに)
shoreline (岸際)
accessible (接近可能な)
frequently (頻繁に)
advantage (利点)
disadvantage (欠点)
oxygenate (酸素化された)
point out (指摘する)
certainly (確かに)
sweep (素早く通過する)
define (〜を明確にする)
individual (1個体の)
concentrate in (〜に集中する)
particular[N] (詳細、明細)
look(ing) for (〜を探す)
narrow[V] (絞り込む)
be present (存在している)
Current will always be stronger to the outside* of a river bend than on the inside** (斜体**より斜体*の方が)
debris (破片、崩壊堆積物)
permanent (不変の)
such as (例えば〜など)
unusual (普通でない)
the mouse of cut (細く切れ込んだような湾の入り口)
inlet (入り江)
explain (説明する)
impoundment (人工湖、ダム湖)
consideration (熟慮、考慮)
rolling topography (起伏のある地形図)
indicate (示す)
tributary (川の支流)
caution[V] (警告する)
silt[tr.] (沈泥で塞ぐ)
detrimental (有害な)
prefer (〜を好む)
the mouth of creek (小川と本湖の接合部の口) 
cove (小さな湾。入り江)
exactly (その通りに)
critical (重大な)
stout (頑丈な、頑強な)
worry about (〜を心配する)
ease[V] (ゆっくりと進める)
submerged[adj] (水面下の)
extend out (広がる)
saturate[tr.] (集中砲火にする)
tap (釣りのアタリ/バイト/ストライク)
bow (船首)
gill (鰓、エラ)
protruding[adj] (突き出した~)
swift (素早く)
down-current side (流れの下手側)
the level of the water (水位)
irregularity (不規則なもの)
downstream  (下流へ)
high water (増水、水位の高いとき)
the water temperature (水温)
brush (枝、やぶ)
concede (譲歩する)
although (〜ではあるが)
parallel (平行に)
half of dozen of (6本の)
waste of time (時間の無駄)
trolling motor (エレクトリック・モーター)
outboard (船外機)
thrust (推進力)
detect (感知する)
eddy (渦、反主流)
distinct (はっきりと異なる)
sudden[adj] (突然の)
hesitation (ためらい、躊躇)
radio transmitter tracking studies (テレメトリー実験)
regarding (〜について)
encounter in (出会う)
abundant (豊富な)
extremely (極度に)
weather front (前線)
the nation (全国)
instinctively (本能的に)
seek (探し求める)
occupy (占有する)
vacancy (空間)
iron out (解決する)
flaw (不具合)

 常用の単語、釣りと船舶関連に常用されている単語集というかvocabulariesです。本文の順序を考慮しながら作成したので、何がメイントピックなのかある程度予想ができているかと思われます。その予測を持つことでゆっくりとしか読めなかったものがわずかでも速く読むことができるようになります。そしていちいち1個づつ単語を辞書で調べていたら時間がいくらあっても足りませんから、わからない単語があっても周囲の文脈から補完しながら読むことも重要となります。つまり、このエントリーを読むにはSVO, SVOCといった文法の基本と簡単な単語の理解というのは必須条件となります。


FAST-WATER BASS
Currents and moving water hold bass throughout the year. Here's how-to catch…
By TOM STERLING

 During the 1979 B.A.S.S. Tournament Trail, a 21-year-old rookie pro from California roared into the competition like a tornado, winning one tournament outright, earning money in all six and finishing fourth in the BASS Masters Classic. He missed claiming Bass Angler-of-the-Year honors by less than two pounds - one bass.
 His name, of course, is Gary Klein. And many believe he will become one of the bright new stars in professional bassin'. He has the desire, associates will tell you, and certainly the self-confidence and enthusiasm. Klein also has something else going for him that is overlooked by many of his competitors. He calls it his "fast-water bass pattern."
 In a word, this blond gypsy from Oroville, California likes to fish moving water and currents, and in fact, begins practically every tournament diligently studying maps to locate such conditions.
 "It's pretty much a carry-over from my learning days in California," Klein admits. "Our western bass are deep, finicky fish that are always moving as they chase shad. The only shallow-water bass you can ever depend on are always in moving water where food is washing down to them."
 ・Movin'-Water Pattern - Klein believes moving water offers some distinct advantage in fishing, too.
  First, it positions the bass. With experience, a Bassmaster can spot those positions immediately, and thus work an area much more quickly.
  Secondly, moving-water bass are generally easily accessible, for they are along shorelines in water less than 10-feet deep.
 Third, they are frequently larger fish.
 And forth, fast-water largemouths are usually more active than their calm-water cousins, because the water is cooler and more oxygenated.
 "There are disadvantages to fishing moving water, as well," Klein points out, "and these should certainly be considered by anyone trying to fish this type of area.
 "Boat control may be a problem, as the current will continually sweep the angler beyond his target area. Just finding moving water may involve long runs up a lake to a particular river or creek channel, and even then, bass might not be on a define pattern. When you fish currents, you very well can be fishing for individual bass," he says.
 "Perhaps the rising cost of gasoline will slow down some of us who like to run long distances," Klein says, "but everybody thinks the grass is always greener up the river. I get that out of my system on the first practice day. If the fishing is good, then I ahead in the game. If it isn't, I've already seen it and can concentrate in another area."
map-identify1 ・Pattern Particulars - The primary question concerning a moving-water bass pattern is, where do you begin looking for bass along a shoreline? After all, what makes bass prefer one portion of a river-bank over another?
 "That is the question I have to answer in every tournament I fish," Klein laughs, "and it's different in every lake. Basically, however, there are some things to look for that can help narrow the search for fish.
 "Cover must be present, and the heavier the better. Current will always be stronger to the outside of a river bend than on the inside, and floating debris will often be caught in such spots, but permanent type cover, such as a fallen tree or big boulder, is always better.
 "Depth should always be noted. In many lakes, the main river channel will swing against a bank providing that classic shallow/deep-water combination that bass seem to like. A good map and sonar depth-finder can help you locate spots like this.

 "Anything unusual in the shoreline itself is also worth studying. I like to work the mouths of cuts and inlets, but a friend I know can't pass up an island if water is moving quickly around it. A lot of finding fish like this boils down to experience on the water, I think. All of us spot places that just 'look fishy,' and many times, they do hold bass," Klein explained.
 ・"X" Marks Spot - Klein's search for current and moving water begins with map study. Normally, the best current will be in the upper end of an impoundment where the lake actually narrows down to river-like conditions. Another consideration for current is studying the surrounding countryside, for a hilly, rolling topography indicates feeder streams will also have good, strong-water movement.
 "Because a tributary creek has moving water doesn't necessarily mean it will be a good spot for bass," Gary Klein cautions. "Bass have other requirements, too, primarily cover, and many feeder creeks are too shallow to hold good concentrations of fish. Smaller creeks, too, are often heavily silted, which is usually detrimental to bass."
 Klein prefers, then, to stay in the major river channel or in the largest tributaries. He goes upriver and works down, and he stays on the outside of the river bends. He works any type of cover, such as fallen logs, overhanging tree branches or the mouths of creeks and coves; and his favorite lure is a hand-tied jig with a worm trailer. He uses 7 1/2-foot Fenwick Flippin' Stiks exclusively, and lines testing 25 to 40 pounds.
 ・Lure Presentation - "Because the moving water positions the bass very exactly," Klein explains, "lure presentation becomes critical. Thus, the situation becomes tailor-made for Flippin' or jigging. That means most of the bass caught are going to be at very close range, and for that I want stout rods and heavy lines that I don't have to worry about breaking."
 Klein gave me a demonstration of just how important lure presentation can be when fishing current. At his request, I tied on a plastic worm. While he eased the boat up to a partially submerged log extending out from the bank, I saturated the log and surrounding water with cast. I did not get a single "tap."
 Klein moved to the bow, announced that any bass on the log would be "right there," and on his first flip, brought in a seven pounder!
 "First," he laughed, "remember that bass will always be facing upstream, letting water filter through their gills. That also means they can see food washing down to them naturally, and anything that moves upstream against current - like your worm was doing - is not natural, so they shy away from it.
 "Second, bass are frequently in two major areas by any protruding cover in current. They are behind it where the force of the water is actually broken, and they don't have to continually fight the current; or they are right along the outside edge if the current is not as swift.
 "Many times you'll see a complete tree that has fallen into the water, and the branches will spread out in all directions. In a situation like that, work any small pockets or openings on the down-current side.
 "You'll have to consider the speed of the current as well as the level of the water, too," Klein points out. "In faster water, the fish will require more cover or protection so they don't have to fight the current. That's when you want to work behind the logs or rocks, and especially the mouths of coves, inlets and other shoreline irregularities. These places offer that types of protection, but still give the bass the chance to see what's being washed downstream.
 "In high water, you may be able to fish a little closer to shore, since new cover is generally made available to bass as water rises, and the shoreline itself slows down the force of the water. Depth is one of the most important factors in bass fishing, even in moving water," believes Klein.
 ・The Jig Rig - With these considerations, it's easy to see why Gary Klein uses a jig. Depending on water condition, the jig weight vary from 1/8 to a full ounce. The faster the water, the heavier the jig. The colder the water temperature, the less active the bass will be, so the lighter the jig.
 In very heavy brush with active bass, Klein likes a 1/2-ounce model. He ties his jigs with nylon weedguard, and advises any brush fisherman to do the same.
 "Fishing moving water is not really a casting game," he concedes, "although I'll toss worms, crank baits and spinnerbaits parallel to the bank if action is slow, and I want to work a long stretch of water in a hurry."
 Klein uses the long Flippin' Stiks for his casting, too, and is seldom without at least half a dozen of the long rods in his boat.
 "Basically, it's a Flippin' or jigging situation," he says, "because the bass are only going to be very close to cover. It's a waste of time to cast, for that puts the lure in front of the fish just a fraction of the entire retrieve. Jigging puts the lure on a bass' nose, and if he doesn't hit it after a few seconds, you move to another part of the cover."
 ・Boat Control - Klein's favorite fishing depth is from the shoreline down to about five feet, which often places him within arm's length of solid ground. Boat control is critical, for one bad move will send him crashing into the shore or into the very cover he is fishing. Klein operates with a trolling motor as much as possible, and has equipped his boat with one of the strongest he could obtain. If he's in extremely fast water, Klein works with outboard power, balancing the boat's forward thrust against the downstream push of the current, but it's not something he likes to do.
 "If the current is moving that quickly, it also means it's washing your lure downstream at top speed, too, which makes line control difficult and strike hard to detect. When you're in a situation like that, look for protected water, such as the mouth of a cove, and pull into the eddy behind it. Then, carefully work the edge of the fast water - there will be a distinct eddy line where fast and calm water meet - and that's where bass will be.
 "Cast upstream into the fast water so your lure comes down with the current across that eddy line. Crank baits are excellent choices for this type of water, as are plastic worms and plastic grubs. If you're fishing something deep, try to let it bounce right above the bottom, and don't expect a big strike, only a sudden hesitation as the lure stops moving."
map-identify1 ・Bass In Fast Water - some radio transmitter tracking studies performed by biologists with the Tennessee Valley Authority on Pickwick Lake and the Tennessee River have come up with some additional information regarding smallmouth bass in fast water. Outstanding smallmouth fishing is available in the first several miles of Pickwick's upper end below the Wilson Dam. For the most part it contains steadily moving current, even when a minimum of water is released through the dam.
 In periods of extremely high water when most of the floodgates were open, the biologists found their transmitter-equipped smallmouth bass were swimming down along the edges if the main Tennessee River channel or into whatever deep potholes they could find, as if to get under the push of current, but still be in position to watch for food washing past.
 The biologists knew exactly where the bass were, but the water was much too rough and fast for anyone to try to fish for them. Klein's strategy of positioning his boat in an eddy and working the deep edge of the fast water is about the only option available to Bassmasters in such situations.
 Klein believes, and has proven to his own satisfaction many times over, that bass living in moving water are frequently larger than those encountered in calm water. One reason, he thinks, is that these fish get first choice of anything being washed downstream. The water itself is normally richer in nutrients, which attracts smaller members of the food chain, such as crayfish and minnows.
 With this abundant food supply, the bass do not have to expend as much energy chasing it, either. Klein's best-ever largemouth a 9-3 lunker, came from the currents of the St. Johns River.

 ・Seasons & Reasons - Currents and moving water also have another advantage that Klein is quick to point out, which is that they hold fish throughout the year:
 In summer months, when oxygen levels may be extremely low in some parts of a lake, they will always be higher where the water is moving.
 In spring, rains will insure a continuing supply of fresh foods washing downstream.
 In winter, when bass don't like to move far for anything, the fresh food supply will still be washing by in front of them.
 In fall, with weather fronts blowing across the nation, bass instinctively seek heavy cover, and much of that cover is right along a river bank in the current.
 To be sure, fishing current and moving water the way Gary Klein does can become an added weapon in any Bassmaster's arsenal. In most cases, it is an individual fish pattern, although Klein has occasionally taken three and four bass from a single fallen tree. Often, after he has caught bass from such a spot, he can return several hours later and catch another bass that has moved in to occupy the vacancy.
 It is also a technique that requires sound boat handling and expert lure presentation. Klein began fishing currents and moving water when he began Flippin'. In the second tournament he ever fished, Klein finished fourth, behind a fellow named Dee Thomas, who won by Flippin'. Klein spent the next three years trying to learn the tactic, but did not have much success until Dave Myers of the Fenwick staff ironed out his flaws.




Reference
Bassmaster Magazine; Volume 13,No.5; July/August 1980, pp.18-19,p.90


 正直、全文タイピングするのも翻訳してタイピングするのも大差ありません。むしろ単語集の選抜する方が、何を選抜するべきか考えさせられるため面倒な作業でした。あえてこのような手法を採用するのは普段何も考えていない人々の態度を少しでも変えようとしているか、何も考えない人々を著者側で見切りをつけているという2つの理由があります。結局自分自身から変わらない人は誰に何を言われようとずっと変わらないということです。

 Gary Kleinの記事で、それも1980年のものなのに、別に何一つ古いと思わせる内容ではなく今でも普通に通用する場所とスポットに適用させたアプローチの組み方です。
 道具の組み方も6本は同じようなセッティングを組んでいるのも今と何ら変わらないシステムですが、いつまでたってもこのシステムが日本で特にrecreational anglerの間では一切理解されていないことがわかります。30年前からバス・フィッシングの基本は何も変わらないのに、バスが賢くなっただのという至極どうでもいい、しょうもない言い訳をしながら、システムの合理性や賢明さを何一つ受け入れてこなかったことを反省するべきではないでしょうか。
 唯一変わったところと言えば、40lb monoといった.55mmといった標準直径のラインを使わなくなったところです。現在Gary Kleinが使うBerkley 100% Fluorocarbon 25lbは.48mmです。もしそれ以上の強度のあるラインが必要であればbraided lineが出現したことで.48mmの同標準直径で100lbクラスの強度が得られることからbraided lineの需要は高くなっています。
3000yardや1500yardで購入すると初期費用がかさむだけで最終的なコストは安く済みます。

 つまり釣り方は30年前から全く変わっていないということは、その概念・コンセプトは基本と言えるのです。つまり高々数年経過したら有効でなくなるものは決して基本や定番とはとても言えない代物なのです。もし釣りは文化であるという自認があるとすれば、未来永劫伝えていかなければいけないこととは果たしてどのようなものなのでしょうか? それは前者の何十年経過しても変わらないことでしょうか? それとも後者で数年したら効果が失われてしまうことでしょうか?

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arb1200

Author:arb1200
There are main contents.KVD;Kevin VanDam,He is a one of my angling hero.I translate his article in Japanese.Also BASSMASTER Magazine and BASS Elite series pros info too.
Curation which is the definition of my blog.
http://twitter.com/#!/arb12001

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